Patras Bokhari

Syed Ahmed Shah   (commonly known as Patras Bokhariپطرس بخاری) HI, (1 October 1898, Peshawar – 5 December 1958, New York) was an Urdu humourist, educator, essayist, broadcaster and diplomat from Pakistan. He is best known for his humorous writings in Urdu literature.

Life

Born in a Kashmiri family[citation needed] of Peshawar, Bokhari received his early education in the city of his birth and in 1916 moved from Islamia College Peshawar to attend Government College, Lahore. After completing his Masters in English he was appointed as lecturer at the same institution.[citation needed]Bokhari left Government College, Lahore in 1925 in order to complete a Tripos in English at Emmanuel College, Cambridge University.[citation needed] Many years later, the Bokhari English Prize was established there in his honour.[2][3]In 1927, he returned to Government College, Lahore, and as a Professor remained there until 1939.[citation needed]
 
Before the formation of Pakistan in 1947, he was the Director General of All India Radio.[citation needed] Being a Professor of English Literature, he also served as the Principal of Government College, Lahore from 1947 to 1950. The Urdu poets Faiz Ahmed Faiz and Noon Meem Rashid, were among his students.[citation needed] After the formation of Pakistan, he served as the first permanent representative of Pakistan in the United Nations from 1951–1954.[citation needed] From 1954-1958 he remained as the Under Secretary of the UN, Head of Informon. He died during his diplomatic service and is buried in New York.[citation needed]

Awards

  • In 1945 he was awarded the Companion of the Indian Empire (CIE) Award.[citation needed]
  • In October 1998, to mark his birth centenary, the government of Pakistan issued a postage stamp with his photograph under the series, “Pioneers of Pakistan”.[citation needed]
  • On 14 August 2003 President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, announced the conferment of Hilal-e-Imtiaz, the country’s second highest civilian award, posthumously on Bokhari.[citation needed]
  • He is listed among the Amazing Pakistanis in the Amazing Pakistani statespersons for his diplomatic contributions in early years of Pakistan [1]
  • New York Times remembered him as the ‘Citizen of the World’ in an obituary [2]

Named after him

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Amjad Islam Amjad

Amjad Islam Amjad, (born 4 August 1944) is an Urdu poet, drama writer and lyricist from Pakistan.[1][1][2][3] He has received many awards for his literary work and screenplay for TV, including Pride of Performance and Sitara-e-Imtiaz

Biography

Amjad was born in Lahore in British India, now in Pakistan.[1] His family originally belonged to Sialkot. He received his secondary education in Lahore, and graduated from Government Islamia College Civil Lines, Lahore. He qualified for Masters of Arts degree in Urdu literature from Punjab University. He began his career as a lecturer in M.A.O College Lahore.[3] He worked as a director at Pakistan Television Corporation from 1975 to 1979, before returning to teaching.[3][4]In 1989, Amjad was appointed as Director General of Urdu Science Board. He has also worked as a project director of the Children Library Complex.[1][3] Amjad is the writer of many drama series for Pakistan Television Corporation including Waris. He has written many columns, translation, criticism and essays while his main focus remained writing Nazms, a type of Urdu poetry. Among his most notable dramas are Waris, Dehleez, Samandar, Raat, Waqt and Apnay Loug.[1] Amjad Islam Amjad is very keen writer of express news chennel of Pakistan. In June 2008, he joined Urdu newspaper Daily Express[5] and writes column with the title of “Chasham-e-Tamasha”.

Awards

Bibliography

  • Fishar
  • Barzakh
  • Us par
  • Satwan dar
  • Zara phir say kehna
  • Seher aasar
  • Barish ke aawaz
  • Itnay khwab kahan rakhoon
  • Mairay bhe hain kuch khwab
  • Hum us kay hain.

 

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Jazib Qureshi

Jazib Qureshi  (born August 3, 1940) is a prominent Urdu poet, writer and critic from Pakistan.[1][2][3] He has written many poetry books and works of criticism

Back ground

Qureshi was born on August 3, 1940 in Luchnow, India, where he spent his childhood.[4] When he was six, his father died. As a result he could not study further and worked hard for his living.[4] He migrated with his family to Lahore, Pakistan, in 1950.[4] He gained work in the press. He recommenced his studies and began writing poetry, attending literary gatherings and reading his poetry.[4] His first literary gathering was in the Shahi Qila, chaired by famous poet Ehsan Danish.[4]
Qureshi was helped to write poetry by Shakir Dehlavi, who belonged to Dagh Dehlavi school of thought.[4] Qureshi moved to Karachi in 1962,[4] he worked in different magazines and newspapers.[4] He qualified for master degree from University of Karachi.[4] Later he became a teacher in a college.[4] He also made a feature film, “Pathar Kay Sanam”, but it failed to gain a public response and experienced a financial loss.[4]

Literary career

Qureshi has written many books.[4] His first work of literary criticism was published in 1982,[4] and he also published poetry and prose books.[4] He is an admiredable poet at the literary gatherings.[4] As a poet and writer he has visited 35 cities across the United States,[4] and he has also visited Bahrain, Qatar, Dubai, Sharjah and Abu Dhabi several times.[4]

Bibliography

  • Takhleeqi Awaz تخلیقی آواز[4]
  • Ankh aur Charagh آنکھ اور چراغ
  • Shairee aur Tehzeeb شاعری اور تہذیب
  • Doosray Kinaray Tuk دوسرے کنارے تک
  • Meri TehreeraiN میری تحریریں[4]
  • Mein nay Yeh Jana میں نے یہ جانا
  • Pehchan پہچان
  • Neend ka Reshum نیند کا ریشم
  • Sheeshay ka Darakht شیشے کا درخت
  • Ashoab e JaN آشوب جاں
  • Ujlee AwazaiN اجلی آوازیں
  • Shakasta Uks شکستہ عکس
  • Shanasaii شناسائی
  • Jhernay جھرنے
  • AqeedataiN عقیدتیں
  • Mujhay Yad Haiمجھے یاد ہے
  • Naat kay Jadeed Rung نعت کے جدید رنگ
  • Meri Shairee Meri Musavari میری شاعری، میری مصوری[4].[4]
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Anwar Masood

Anwar Masood  (born November 8, 1935) is a Pakistani poet known for his comic poetry, however, his works include other genres as well. He writes in Punjabi, Urdu and Persian language

Personal life

Masood was born in Gujrat, but his family moved to Lahore in 1941. He got his basic education there. Later his family moved back to Gujrat again and he studied in Public School Gujrat. He completed his secondary education there. He received Bachelor of Arts degree from Zamindara College Gujrat. He obtained his master degree in Persian from Oriental College Lahore in 1961 and got a gold medal. He began teaching in Government Islamia High School in Kunjah. He has been teaching as a lecturer in different colleges in Punjab from 1962 to 1996 and he was also visiting faculty of Government College University and renowned department of humanities in Pakistan. He retired in 1996.

Poetry

Masood is a multilingual poet of Urdu and Punjabi. His most popular poetry is in Punjabi. His poetry gives the message of the original and pure culture of Punjab. Masood is the only Punjabi poet who is popular among the masses. The way he has described the different aspects of life in his poetry have never been described before.[2][unreliable source?] Some of his poems are popular, wherever he went people like to listen them again and again. The most of them are Anar Kali Diyan Shana, Aj Kee Pakaeay, Banyan, Juma Bazaar, jehlam da pul, Umree and many others. Masood is an international level poet. He has performed in many international communities and is popular worldwide.[citation needed]

Bibliography

 
  • Mela Akheyan Da (Punjabi)
  • Guncha Pher Laga Khilnay (Urdu)
  • Hun Ke Keray (Punjabi)
  • Shakh-e-Tabasam (Urdu)
  • Ek Derecha Ek Charag (Urdu)
  • Meli Meli Dhoup (Urdu)
  • Banyan (Punjabi)
  • Lasee te cha (Punjabi)
  • Ambri (Punjabi)
  • Anarkali dian Shana Punjabi)
  • Jehlum dy pul tay (Punjabi)
  • mobile telephone (Punjabi).[1] 
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Wasif Ali Wasif

Wasif Ali Wasif (15 January 1929 – 18 January 1993) was a teacher, writer, poet and sufi intellectual from Pakistan. He is famous for his unique literary style. Many of his APHORISMS have become proverbs in recent years. His first book “Kiran Kiran Suraj” containing these Aphorisms was published in year 1985 and remained best seller for many many years. He used to write short essays on topics like love, life, fortune, fear, hope, expectation, promise, prayer, happiness, sorrow and so on with clear objective of highlighting the true spirit of Islam. He was regular columnist of Pakistani Urdu daily newspaper Nawa-i-Waqt. His column was named “GUFTAGOO” and it started publishing in newspaper in 1984. His first column was on “Muhabbat”. In his life, most of his columns were combined to form two books (Dil Darya Samandar , Qatra Qatra Qulzam” with his own selected title.
 
Later on a third book “Harf Harf Haqeeqat” containing these essays was published after he died in 1993. He did poetry in Urdu and Punjabi languages. Probably no contemporary Urdu writer is more cited in quotations than he is. Later years he used to answer questions in regular gatherings arranged every Thursday at his residence and every Friday at someone else’s place in Lahore attended by the notable community. Many of these Q & A sessions were recorded in audio and were later transcribed and published as Guftgoo (talk) series. His mehfils never had a set subject nor did he delivered lecture on chosen topics. His way was to ask people if they had questions and then he used to respond to those questions in his highly original style. His thought was more on mysticism, spirituality and humanity. There are about 40 books to his credit including “Shab Chiragh”, “Kiran Kiran Sooraj”, and “Dil Darya Samundar”.

Early life

Wasif Ali Wasif was born on 15 January 1929 at District Khushab. At that time Khushab used to be a tehsil and the district was Shahpur. He belonged to a very prestigious cast Awan. His father Malik Muhammed Arif was a teacher. He received his religious education under the supervision of his father. He got primary education in a local school in Khushab. He passed Matriculation examination from Govt. High School Khushab in 1944. His maternal grandfather, a skilled educationist, was appointed as Headmaster at a Govt. school in Jhang. Therefore, he was sent to his maternal. He did F.Sc from Govt. Inter college Jhang and graduation from Govt. Degree College Jhang. He was a hardworking student who passed every examination by obtaining first division. Then he moved to Lahore; here he did M.Sc in Mathematics from Government Islamia College Civil Lines, Lahore and M.A. in English from Government College, Lahore. He was an excellent player of hockey for which he was awarded a colour. He started writing for college magazine “Ravian” when he was a student. He used to write in Urdu as well as in English.

Shrine

Wasif died on January 18, 1993. Being famous for Sufism and respected by many people, he is usually referred to as Hazrat Wasif Ali Wasif. His shrine is located in Lahore at 25 Bahawalpur Road, near Chowk Chauburji. His Urs (Religious Festival) is celebrated every year from 22nd to 24th of the month of Rajab.

As a Teacher

Wasif passed PCS[disambiguation needed] exam in 1954 but did not join it and started his career as a teacher. At first he taught in some private institutions for sometime, but then he founded Lahore College for English later ‘Lahore English college’ in 1958. It was due to ever increasing number of students he started teaching students in two shifts.

As a Writer

Wasif Ali Wasif spent most part of the day in quiet, but when he spoke there was nothing that was not quotable. He was known as a conversationalist. Ashfaq Ahmed said, “The sentences we concoct are our piece of craft, Wasif’s lines came from somewhere else.” His prose is simpler, using figures of speech less frequently and thus sounds more natural but it has distinctive qualities of fine poetry. Renowned politician and connoisseur of art and literature, Hanif Ramay is of the view “Wasif’s prose influences like the poetry of Iqbal. Another aspect of his work is that these originally appeared as columns in an Urdu daily defying the strongly held belief that journalism cannot produce pure literature which can have a long life. Siraj Muneer, a well-read scholar and critic, has written, “We took them as columns but they were another aalam (world).” He believed that a thought can never be expressed fully in words, a reader should be alive to this fact and should try comprehending the portion that was impossible to be carried in words.
 
The critic and scholar Professor Gilani Kamran comments on his book ‘Dil Darya Samundar’ that Wasif Ali Wasif’s collection of essays has a pleasant rhythm of an emotionally sustained prose. The sentence moves with grace and the words have the ring of sensation. These features are only rarely found in modern Urdu prose. But whether or not one succeeds in discovering himself, or in entering the field of a higher experience, the rhythm of Wasif‘s prose certainly compensates for any loss of achievement. With this one book, it can be said with some assurance, our culture is seen to be moving out of a closed world and entering an age of self discovery where single individual becomes the object of new orientation and also the locus of a new destiny.” Wasif Ali Wasif has a diverse following ranging from high judiciary to vendors. One of his followers, Government College University Chief Librarian Abdul Waheed, titled him Saadi[disambiguation needed] of present times. He said, “Wasif’s writings were eye-opening but his conversations were even more deeply thought out.”
The following is a rough translation of Wasif Ali Wasif’s essay called Firaq o Wisal (Separation and Union), ” As long as man was in the moolight he desired to reach the moon…there was bliss in the moonlight but the moon itself was distant.
 
Moonlight was near but man longed for the moon…man reached the moon but there he was without the moonlight. If one reaches the moon one does not find moonlight any longer and if one is in moonlight one does not find the moon. It is a strange fact that one is only because of the other…one is a sign of the other yet both are forever separate. If the Beloved is the Moon, moonlight is His remembrance. When the Beloved is present His remembrance is not and when His remembrance is present the Beloved is not. Proximity to one is distance from the other, Union with one is separation from the other. Thus union is hidden in every separation and separation in every union.”

As a Sufi

Wasif was indeed a dervish and sufi and in the final part of his life acted as a murshid to many. Qudratullah Shahab, Ashfaq Ahmed and Hanif Ramay attended lectures of Wasif. It was in the last writing of Qudratullah Shahab which appeared in the Urdu newspaper Daily Jang describing that if a person reaches a crossroads of his life, he can find a right path through Wasif.

Quotes

His quotes include:[citation needed]
  • Belief in God, without belief in the Prophet, would still be unbelief.
  • When the eye becomes the heart, the heart becomes the eye.
  • The world is ancient, but it has not lost its newness.
  • A man is happy who is happy with his Naseeb.
  • Do not destroy anybody’s peace. You will find peace.
  • Democracy is the name of the period between two martial laws.
  • Remove the conflict between your desires and your duties, peace will come.
  • When the child is ill, the mother will know how to pray.
  • Investigation after declaration of submission leads astray.
  • Death is the protector of life and life is the process of death.
  • Life is not only Newton, it is also Milton.
  • He who has no light in his heart, what will he gain from the festival of lamps.
  • A more fearful thing than death is the fear of death.
  • Students are the real inheritors of country.
  • The period before the dawn of knowledge is called the age of darkness.
  • Man neither loses nor gains in this world. He just comes here and departs.
  • When Allah accepts repentance for sin, He wipes out the very memory of sin.
  • One who has no beloved in the country can never love the country.
  • He who is drowned in sin, is devoid of faith in prayer.

Works

  • Shab Chiragh (Urdu Poetry) 1978
  • Kiran Kiran Sooraj (Aphorism) 1983
  • The Beaming Soul (English Version of Kiran Kiran Sooraj) 198?
  • Dil Darya Samundar (Essays) 1987
  • Qatra Qatra Qulzum (Essays) 1989
  • Ocean in Drop (English version Of Qatra Qatra Qulzam) 19??
  • Harf Harf Haqeeqat (Essays) 1994
  • Bharay Bharolay (Punjabi Poetry) 1994
  • Shab Raaz (Urdu Poetry) 1994
  • Baat Say Baat (Aphorism) 1995
  • Gumnam Adeeb (Letters) 19??
  • Mukalama (Dialogue,Speeches & Interview) 19??
  • Ziker-e-Habeeb (Na’tia Poetry) 2004
  • Dareechay (Aphorism) 2004
  • Guftgoo (Questions & Answers Series – 28 volumes)
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Munir Niazi

Munir Ahmad, better known as Munir Niazi, SI (1928–2006) was an Urdu and Punjabi poet from Pakistan. Niazi was born in Khanpur on 19 April 1928, a village near Hoshiarpur, India. He was from the Niazi tribe. He was initially educated at Khanpur and after the partition of India he migrated to newly independent Pakistan and settled in Sahiwal, where he passed his matriculation. He earned an intermediate degree from S.E. College, Bahawalpur and a B.A. from Diyal Singh College in Lahore, Pakistan.
Munir Niazi launched a weekly, seven coulors, from Sahiwal in 1949. He wrote numerous songs for films and made his name as the foremost movie song writer of Pakistan. He also wrote for newspapers, magazines and radio. In 1960 he established a publication institute, Al-Misal. He was later associated with Lahore Television and lived in Lahore till his death. Taiz Hawa Aur Tanha Phool, Jungle mein Dhanak, Dushmanoon Kai Darmiyan Sham and Mah-e-Munir are some of his Urdu publications. In Punjabi he has published Safar di Raat, Char Chup Cheezan and Rasta Dasan Walay Tarey.
 
His effective imagery conveys pictures in few words. He has experimented with poetic forms and has tried to create a new style, rhythm and diction in Urdu poetry. Innocence, mythology, nostalgia, dreams, eroticism, and romance are some of his most common themes. Selected English translations of Munir Niazi’s poetical works were edited by Suhail Safdar and published in 1996.[1]
Munir Niazi died of respiratory illness on 26 December 2006 in Lahore.
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Saghar Siddiqui

Saghar Siddiqui (1928-1974)  was an Urdu poet from Pakistan. In spite of his ruined and homeless alone life, he remained famous and successful till his death among the masses. Saghar is also known as a saint and when he died, he left nothing but a pet, his dog, who also died on the same foot path where Saghar died a few days earlier. [1][2][3]

Biography

Siddiqui was born in 1928 in Ambala (British India)[4] as Muhammad Akhtar. History has no record of Saghar’s personal life and very less is known as he never spoke to any one in this regard.[5]Siddiqui started poetry at very young age.[6] At age 16, he would regularly attend mushairas.At aged 19, he migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and settled in Lahore. At the time of partition, he was only 19 years old. In those days with his slim appearance, wearing pants and boski (yellow silky cloth) shirts, with curly hair, and reciting beautiful ghazals in a melodious voice, he became a huge success. He had some tragic turns in his life. [7] He continued to write poetry for the film industry and moved on to publish a literary magazine. The magazine was a critical success but a commercial flop. Disappointed, Saghar shut down the magazine. In his later life, he fell into depression, financially ruined and addicted to drugs. Sometimes he would have to sell his poetry to other poets for a few rupees. He would use the waste paper spread around to light fires to stay warm during winter nights.[8]

Death

On 19 July 1974, he was found dead on a roadside in Lahore at the age of 46.[9] His dead body was found one early morning outside one of the shops. He was buried at the Miani Sahib graveyard. His dog also died their after a few days of Saghar’s death. Despite his shattered life, some of his verses (ash’aar) are among the best in Urdu poetry. It is unbelievable that he kept his inner self so pure and so transcending. [10]
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Nasir Kazmi

Syed Nasir Raza Kazmi, (1925–1972)  was an Urdu poet from Pakistan and one of the greatest poets of this era[citation needed], especially in the use of “ista’aaray” and “chhotee beher.” Kazmi was born on 8 December 1925 at Ambala, Haryana.

Education and career

Kazmi was educated at Ambala, Simla and afterwards at Islamia College, Lahore Lahore. He returned to Ambala in 1945 and started looking after his ancestral land. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, he came to Lahore.[citation needed]
He did some journalistic work with Auraq-e-Nau as an editor and became editor-in-chief of the magazine Humayun in 1952. Later he was associated with Radio Pakistan, Lahore and other literary publications and organisations.[citation needed]
Kazmi started his poetic life in 1940 by following the style of Akhtar Sherani and wrote romantic poems and sonnets.[citation needed] Later he began writing ghazals under the guidance of Hafeez Hoshyarpuri.[citation needed] He was a great admirer of Mir Taqi Mir and probably the melancholy and “Ehsaas-e-Mehroomi” in his poetry was a direct result of that admiration.[citation needed] His tutor in poetry was Hafeez Hoshyarpuri, who also used symbols from nature in his poems.[citation needed]
Nasir used to hum his poetic verses and it was appealing to many of his readers and listeners.
He emigrated from Ambala, India to Lahore, Pakistan in August 1947. He also worked as a Staff Editor for Radio Pakistan. He used to sit at Tea House and Wander at Mall Road, Lahore with his friends. He was fond of eating, wandering, and enjoying life. Normally thought of as a sad poet, most of his poetry is in fact based on romantic happiness and the aspect of hope.
His last four books were published after his death of stomach cancer in Lahore on 2 March 1972. A few days before his death, Kazmi said in a television interview with Intezaar Hussain, “…horse riding, hunting, wandering in a village, walk along the river side, visiting mountains etc. were my favourite pastimes and probably this was the time when my mind got nourishment for loving nature and getting close to the expression of poetry. All my hobbies are related with fine arts, like singing, poetry, hunting, chess, love of birds, love of trees… I started poetry because I used to reflect that all the beautiful things those I see, and those in nature are not in my hands, and they go away from me. Few moments, that time which dies, cannot be made alive. I think can be alive in poetry, that is why I (Nasir) started poetry!”[this quote needs a citation]

Books

  • Barg-e-Nae (ghazlein, 1952)
  • Deewaan (ghazlein, 1972)
  • Pehli Baarish (1975), Introductions by Ghalib Ahmed (1975) & Basir Sultan Kazmi (1983)
  • Nishat-e-Khwab (Collection of nazms, 1977)
  • Sur Ki Chhaya (Manzoom Drama, Katha, 1981), Introduction by Basir Sultan Kazmi
  • Khushk Chashme ke Kinare (Prose, 1982, edited by Basir Sultan Kazmi & Hassan Sultan Kazmi: essays, radio features, editorials. New Edition, 1990, includes Nasir’s last interview and his dialogues with Intizar Husain, Muhammad Haneef Ramay & Sheikh Salahuddin)
  • Nasir Kazmi Ki Dairy (Chand Pareshan Kaghaz, 1995, compiled by Hassan Sultan Kazmi)
  • Intekhab-e-Meer (Poetry, 1989), Compiled & Introduced by Basir Sultan Kazmi
  • Intekhab-e-Nazeer (Poetry, 1990), Compiled & Introduced by Basir Sultan Kazmi
  • Intekhab-e-Wali Dakni (Poetry, 1991), Compiled & Introduced by Basir Sultan Kazmi
  • Intekhab-e-Insha (Poetry, 1991), Compiled & Introduced by Basir Sultan Kazmi
  • Intekhabs of other poets

Famous Ghazals and Nazms

Kazmi’s ghazals and nazams include:
  • “kaun is raah se guzartaa hai”
  • “terii zulfon ke bikharne kaa sabab hai ko’ii”
  • “dukh kii lehr ne chheraa hogaa”
  • “dil men ek lehar sii uthii hai abhii”
  • “naaz-e-be-gaangii meN kyaa kuch thaa”
  • “O ! mere masruuf KHUDAA”
  • “yaas men jab kabhii aansuu niklaa”
  • “ko’ii jiye yaa ko’ii mare”
  • “be minnat-e-Khizr-e-raah rahnaa”
  • “dil dharaknay ka sabab yaad aya”
  • “jurm-e-inkaar kii sazaa hii de”
  • “jab raat gaye tiri yaad aayii, sau tarhe se jii ko behlaaya”
  • “tere aane kaa dhokaa saa rahaa hai”
  • “tanhaa aish ke khwaab na bun”
  • “fikr-e-taameer-e-aashian bhi hai”
  • “rang barsaat ne bhare kuch to”
  • “kise dekhein kahaaN dekha na jaye”
  • “karta usay beqarar kuch der”
  • “wo dil nawaz hai lekin nazar shanaas nahin”
  • “Neeyat e shauq bhar na jaye kahiin”
  • “Bannay Banaaye hue Raaston pe jaa nekly”
  • “So gai shahr ki har aik galli”
  • “Aai arz-e-watan”
  • “Apni Dhun Main Rehta hon”
  • “Kal Jinhen Zindgi thi Raas Buhat”
  • “Aur tau Dil main kya rakha hai”
  • “Kya Zamana tha keh hum RoOz mila karty thay”
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Qateel Shifai

Aurangzeb Khan or Qateel Shifai (24 December 1919 – 11 July 2001) (Urdu: قتیل شفا ئی ) was a Pakistani Urdu poet

Early life

Qateel Shifai was born in Haripur, Hazara Division, British India (now Pakistan).

Career

He adopted Qateel Shifai as his pen name in 1938 under which he was known in the world of Urdu poetry. “Qateel” was his “takhallus” and “Shifai” was in honour of his ustaad(master) Hakeem Mohammed ‘Shifa’ whom he considered his mentor.
Due to his father’s early death, Qateel was forced to quit his education. He started his own sporting goods shop. Being unsuccessful in his business he decided to move to Rawalpindi, where he started working for a transport company and earned about 60 Rupees a month.
In 1946, he was called to Lahore by Nazir Ahmed to work as the assistant editor of the monthly ‘Adab-e-Latif’, a literary magazine published since 1936. His first ghazal was published in the Lahore weekly ‘Star’, edited by Qamar Ajnalvi (Ref.Pen Sketch of Qateel Shifai written by Akmal Aleemi).
In January 1947, Qateel was asked to pen the songs of a film by a Lahore based film producer. The first film he penned the lyrics for was “Teri Yaad”. After that there was no looking back and initially, after working for some time as assistant lyricist to some of the famous poets/lyricists of the time (c.1947-48 to 1956-57),[2] he eventually became a regular film lyricist and won numerous awards in due course.
Over 20 collections of verse and over 2,500 songs for Pakistani and Indian films were published. His poetry has been translated into numerous languages including Hindi, Gujarati, English, Russian and Chinese.
Qateel Shifai received the ‘Pride of Performance Award’ in 1994 for his contribution to literature, ‘Adamjee Award’, ‘Naqoosh Award’, ‘Abbasin Arts Council Award’ and ‘Amir Khusro Award’ in India.
Qateel Shifai produced a film in his mother language—Hindko—in 1970. It was the first Hindko film which was named “Qissa Khwani”. The film was released in 1980. He died on 11 July 2001 in Lahore. The street on which he lived in Lahore has been named Qateel Shifai Street after him. There is also a sector of Haripur city that has been named after him – Mohallah Qateel Shafai.

Filmography

  • Bade Dilwala (1999) (lyricist)
  • Yeh Hai Mumbai Meri Jaan (1999) (lyricist)
  • Auzaar (1997) (lyricist)
  • Tamanna (1996) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Naajayaz (1995) (lyricist) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Naaraz(1994) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Waqt hamara hai (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Sir (1993) (lyricist) (as Qateel Shafai)
  • Phir Teri Kahani Yaad Aayee (1993) (English: Your Memories Have Returned) (lyricist) (as Qateel Shafai)
  • Tahqiqaat (1993) (lyricist) (as Cratil Sipahi)
  • Painter Babu (1983) (lyricist)
  • Shireen Farhad (1975) (lyricist)
  • Naila (1965) (lyricist)
  • Intezar (1956) (asst lyricist)
  • Gumnaam (1954) (assisted Hakim Ahmad Shuja as junior lyricist)
  • Gulnaar (1953) (asst lyricist)
  • Teri Yaad (1948) (asst lyricist) – (English: Memories) (International: English title).[1]
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Ehsan Danish


Ehsan Danish  was a prominent Urdu poet from the Indian subcontinent.[1][2] At the beginning of his career his poetry was very romantic but later he wrote his poems more for the labourers and came to be called “Šāʿir-e Mazdūr” (Poet of the workmen) by his audience. His poetry inspired the common people’s feelings and he has been compared with Josh Malihabadi. He holds the unique position as one of the best poets of all times, with fine, romantic and revolutionary, but simple style of poetry

Biography

Danish was born in Kandhla, a small town in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India. He belonged to a poor family and he could not continue his study due to financial reasons but still learned the Arabic and Persian languages on his own.[1] Later he migrated to Lahore and settled there permanently. He struggled very hard to earn his living. He worked as an ordinary labourer for years in odd jobs,[1] finally becoming a poet of excellence. His autobiography, Jahan-i-Danish, is a classic and has inspired many people.[1] Danish has written more than 80 books and hundreds of articles[1] about and including poetry, prose, linguistics, philology, autobiographies and the famous interpretation of “Diwan-e-Ghalib“. Much of his literary work is still unpublished.[1]
He died on March 22, 1982 in Lahore, Pakistan.[1]

An excerpt

Maulvi Saeed talks of Ehsan Danish, the poet. He recalls:
“In 1928, when we lived in Mozang I happened to be present at a gathering in the street adjoining ours where a short-statured but a well-built darkish young man recited a naat in a voice which kept the audience spell-bound. The poet was Ehsan-bin-Danish (now Ihsan Danish, for ‘bin’ though in Arabic stood for ‘son of’, in Hindi meant ‘without’). The poet had come from across the Yamuna in search of employment — and perhaps recognition, too. Lahore gave him both; employment which hardly did any credit to this city, recognition, of course, which it never held back.
Ehsan was seen in the evening at the mushairas; in the morning, at the building sites with a brush in one hand and the lime-bucket in the other; or doing a gardener’s job on the Simla Hill. He has recorded the experiences of his early days in a fascinating autobiography — Jehan-i-Danish. In the realm of poetry, he was not a mere labourer, but a master architect.”[4]

Awards

Publications

  • Jahan-i Diger
  • Tazkir-o-Tanis
  • Iblagh-i-Danish
  • Tashrih-i-Ghalib
  • Awaz sy Alfaz tk
  • Fasl-i-Salasil
  • Zanjir-i-Baharan
  • Abr-i-Naisan
  • Miras-i-Momin
  • Urdu Mutaradifaat
  • Derd-i-Zindagi
  • Hadis-i-Adab
  • Lughat-ul-Islah
  • Nafir-i-Fitrat.[3]
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